Skills Canada British Columbia

Skills Profiles

Click on a Profile Heading to see the Skills Associated with the Profile.

Construction
Automation and Control

As electricity plays a routine yet major role in our lives and more and more applications of it are being discovered every day, this field offers a wide range of job possibilities. Some of these occupations are focused on the building and testing of prototypes according to general instructions and established standards, or the installation, commissioning and operation of industrial process control systems. Others involve the set up and operation of specialized and standard test equipment to diagnose test and analyze the performance of the electrical and electronic components and assemblies involved in these motor control systems, to ensure conformance with product specifications and tolerances.

Traits & Talents

An aptitude for mathematics and an eye for detail will serve you well in this field. You should be able to work well with others since you will often be part of a team, but also be able to work independently and take initiative when necessary. Excellent communication and analytical skills, adaptability, flexibility and knowledge of computers are important. You need to be able to read, interpret and understand complex diagrams, so good reading and writing abilities are required. If you are interested in electricity and how it works, you might enjoy working in electric motor control.

The Workplace

As automation products are evolving rapidly, employment possibilities are opening up in design, testing and maintenance. Automation and control technicians are found in a variety of industries, but the largest concentrations are employed in manufacturing and process control. They usually work regular hours in a plant environment, offices and service companies. Some may be exposed to hazards from equipment and electrical shocks, but the work is interesting and challenging and provides an ongoing learning environment.

Top Essential Skills

Thinking Job Task Planning and Organizing
Document Use

Related Occupations

Electronic Service Technician
Industrial Instrument Technician
Electrical Instrument Inspector

Cabinetmaking

Cabinetmaking involves more than simply designing, building, and repairing cabinets. It encompasses working with a variety of structures such as doors, windows and window frames, and all types of furniture. Cabinetmakers use many types of materials in this work, including veneer, fiberboard, particle board, hardboard, plywood, adhesives, abrasives, hardware and metal fastenings. They must follow blueprints and designer specifications exactly to construct and repair these wooden articles. Accuracy is imperative as they regularly need to fit small parts and sub-assemblies together, to precisely make and install cupboards and cases and to operate woodworking machines to cut and form parts. Today sophisticated equipment, basic woodworking machines, and portable power and hand tools are used to perform many of the job functions.

Traits & Talents

You might enjoy a career in cabinetmaking if you like to build things and work with your hands. As a cabinetmaker, you should be physically fit and have strong math skills, manual dexterity and good hand-eye coordination. You must also be able to read, interpret and accurately follow blueprints, drawings and other design specifications. What’s more, a cabinetmaker’s artistic touch and creativity are often as important as their woodworking abilities in the development and design of new products. Good reading, writing and listening skills are essential, since instructions are often detailed and complex.

The Workplace

Cabinetmakers work in all areas of the wood industry. They can be self-employed or employed by furniture manufacturing and repair companies, construction firms or cabinetmaking contractors. Most of these companies dedicate a large portion of their business to the furniture and fixture industry, with a portion of this being renovation work. Although the jobsite changes from factories to custom shops, nearly all of the work is done indoors in large, well-lit and well-ventilated areas.

Top Essential Skills

Document Use
Numeracy
Thinking: Problem Solving, Decision Making

Related Occupations

Bench Carpenter
Furniture Maker
Woodworking Machine Operator

Carpentry

There are two main categories: structural carpenters who build and maintain structures, and detail carpenters who concentrate on interior cosmetic applications. All carpenters perform numerous tasks. They may be required to install prefabricated structures such as window frames, doors or shelves, build foundations, install beams and subflooring, or erect walls and roofing systems. They also build stairways and wall partitions, install fixtures in kitchens and bathrooms, apply drywall, plaster or insulation material to both ceilings and walls, and install moldings, parquet flooring and tiles.

Traits & Talents

Carpentry is both physically and intellectually demanding. Much of the work requires physical effort and working with your hands to lift, saw, hammer and carry materials. It also calls for foresight, concentration, mathematical skill and an ability to read and interpret plans, blueprints, drawings and sketches to determine specifications and requirements. You must be able to organize your work carefully and carry out tasks with little or no supervision. Interpersonal communication and problem-solving skills are important when dealing with co-workers and clients. You will be expected to have good writing and speaking skills to explain what you intend to do for the client and estimate the costs involved in the project. If you intend to work as an independent contractor you need to possess excellent entrepreneurial skills as well.

The Workplace

Carpenters can be self-employed contractors working on a project-by-project basis or employed by construction companies. Each job offers a new set of challenges, the opportunity to accomplish a variety of tasks and the opportunity to see the results of your labour. Carpenters are employed in both the residential and the commercial/industrial sectors. They may work indoors or outdoors, often standing bending or kneeling for long periods in small enclosed spaces or at great heights. The largest percentage of construction tradespeople are carpenters, since they are needed in all types of construction.

Top Essential Skills

Document Use
Numeracy
Thinking: Problem Solving

Related Occupations

Cabinetmaker
Building Contractor
Roofer

Welding

Welding involves the joining of metals using manual, semi-automatic and automatic arc welding equipment. Welders generally plan their work from drawings and blueprints and may use hand tools and machines to fabricate, assemble and welding to make products. Manual welding is controlled entirely by the welder, while semi-manual welding uses machines to perform some of the tasks.

There are many different types of welding depending on the material, equipment and techniques used, the nature of the final product and the degree of expertise required. These categories include Arc welders, Mig welders, TIG welders, Pressure welders, Fitter-Welders and flame-cutters. Welding provides a lucrative and rewarding career, with highly transferable skills and can offer very diverse work and challenges.

Traits & Talents

Welders are generally good with their hands and enjoy building and repairing things. As a welder, you need good hand-eye coordination, manual dexterity and the ability to concentrate on detailed work for long periods of time, often in awkward positions. You must also be able to read and understand blueprints or drawings and to follow simple instructions precisely. Knowledge of computerized tools and machinery, analytical ability and communication skills are all important for success in this field. Good math skills are an asset.

The Workplace

Welders are needed in many industries, but the overwhelming majority work in manufacturing and construction. They may build and repair parts of ships, automobiles and spacecraft or join beams and steel reinforcing rods in the construction of buildings, bridges and other structures. They are also employed by nuclear power plants and refineries. Because so many industries require welders they are always in demand, which means that skilled welders can choose who to work for, where to work and the area they want to work in.

Top Essential Skills

Document Use
Numeracy

Related Occupations

Blacksmith
Millwright
Boilermaker

Wall & Ceiling Installer

Wall & Ceiling Installers (also known as Lathers and/or Interior Systems Mechanics) play a very significant role in the construction industry. The workmanship of our trade can be seen in commercial, institutional, high-rise, and residential construction projects. Wall & Ceiling Installers must interpret blueprints, and install, handle, erect and apply materials that are component parts in the construction of ceilings and walls. They install support frameworks for ceiling systems, interior and exterior walls and building partitions to prepare for the installation of drywall or plaster walls and ceilings. They also install curtain walls, perform acoustical installations, and install shielded walls.

Traits & Talents

The work is most rewarding for those who enjoy achieving expertise with precise work, problem solving, and working with their hands. To be successful in the trade, Wall & Ceiling Installers should have and aptitude for math skills, good spatial perception, ability to estimate size and dimensions, strength and stamina, ability to work at heights and at times in cramped or awkward positions, ability to work in varying temperatures but primarily indoors, good hand-eye coordination, the ability to work alone or as part of a team, be flexible and work with plan changes, and the ability to think logically and be able to work with new products as they are introduced in the industry.

The Workplace

The working environment for Wall & Ceiling Installers does vary from one job to another, however, is primarily done indoors. Some Wall & Ceiling Installers work in new construction where exterior wall enclosures and glazing is still in progress. Others will work in renovation projects and must work around schedules that do not interfere with regular business hours. Travel requirements and hours of work also vary. There is some risk of injury involved in working with scaffolding and power tools. However, proper safety standards are maintained at all times.

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Related Occupations

Drywall Finisher
Plasterer / Stucco Applicator

Sheet Metal

Click here to print BC Building Trades SHEET METAL TradeCards

Workers in this field fabricate and install a wide varity of construction related items using sheet metal or plastic materials components. The heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems ( HVAC ), that control the temperature, humidity and total air quality in residential, commercial, industrial and other buildings by precisely following blueprints, design specifications and manufacturers’ instructions. A Sheet Metal worker requires highly specialized and up to date skills to accomplish the various tasks involved in the trade.

In Sheet metal, technicians work with a variety of precision measuring tools to manipulate conditions such as presures in air flow in duct systems. Voltmeters, pressure gauges, manometers and other testing devices are used in analyzing system performance. When servicing equipment, they must use extreme care in working with the different components of the HVAC Systems because of some of the intriqute systems.

Traits & Talents

For a successful career in Sheet Metal, you should have an aptitude for electronics and a curiosity about how things work. You must be courteous and tactful, and have good communication and listening skills for dealing with customers’ needs and Heating ,Ventilation , and Air Conditioning problems. Good math, computer and problem-solving skills are important assets for working in this profession. It is also necessary to be physically fit as lifting and moving heavy equipment is sometimes required.

The Workplace

Sheet Metal workers apply their trade in commercial,industrial and residential buildings – anywhere that you would find HVAC and commercial stainless steel kitchen equipment. They are employed by heating and ventilation contractors. Their skills are in demand in all sectors, and they are learning constantly since the technology involved is always changing. They often work indoors in cramped and awkward positions or at great heights on large commercial buildings.

Top Essential Skills

Document Use
Numeracy
Thinking: Problem solving

Related Occupations

Boilermaker
Refrigeration
Steel Fabricators

Refrigeration

Click here to print BC Building Trades REFRIGERATION TradeCards

Workers in this field install and maintain the heating and air-conditioning systems that control the temperature, humidity and total air quality in residential, commercial, industrial and other buildings by precisely following blueprints, design specifications and manufacturers’ instructions.

They need knowledge of electrical components and systems since heating, air-conditioning and refrigeration systems consist of many mechanical, electrical and electronic components such as motors, compressors, pumps, fans, thermostats and switches.

In refrigeration, technicians work with a variety of precision measuring tools to manipulate conditions such as refrigerant pressures and air flow in duct systems. Voltmeters, pressure gauges, manometers and other testing devices are used in analyzing system performance. When servicing equipment, they must use extreme care to conserve, recover and recycle the chlorofluorcarbon (CFC) refrigerants used in the refrigeration and air-conditioning systems.

Traits & Talents

For a successful career in refrigeration, you should have an aptitude for electronics and a curiosity about how things work. You must be courteous and tactful, and have good communication and listening skills for dealing with customers’ needs and refrigeration problems. Good math, computer and problem-solving skills are important assets for working in this profession. It is also necessary to be physically fit as lifting and moving heavy equipment is sometimes required.

The Workplace

Refrigeration workers apply their trade in homes, supermarkets, hospitals, office buildings, factories – anywhere that you would find climate control equipment. They are employed by heating and cooling contractors, fuel oil dealers, refrigeration and air-conditioning service and repair shops or self-employed as sub-contractors. Their skills are in demand in all sectors, and they are learning constantly since the technology involved is always changing. They often work indoors in cramped and awkward positions or at great heights on large commercial buildings.

Top Essential Skills

Reading Text
Document Use
Thinking: Problem Solving

Related Occupations

Boilermaker
Electrical Appliance Servicer
Pipefitter

Plumbing

Click here to print BC Building Trades PIPING TRADES TradeCards

Plumbers install and repair plumbing fixtures and water, waste disposal, drainage and gas systems in residential, commercial and industrial buildings. They read blueprints to determine the layout of the system and measure and mark areas where the pipes will be installed and connected, checking for obstructions such as electrical wiring. Once a project has begun, they perform a number of tasks, from simple installation of pipes and fittings to complex calculations and planning in specialized environments such as hospitals. The system must be checked for leaks using air and water pressure gauges to ensure that it is working properly.

Plumbers use a wide range of hand and power tools, torches and welding equipment to cut and shape pipe to precise specifications. An important part of their job is to fit the piping into the building with the least waste of materials while maintaining grade or slope and avoiding trapping air or fluids in the system. A plumber’s skills are also applicable in maintenance, service work, hydronic heating, and medical gas cross connection controls and inspections.

Traits & Talents

An interest in construction and good math skills are assets for plumbers. You should enjoy working with your hands, performing a variety of tasks and be proficient in using an extensive range of hand tools, powered machines, torches and welding apparatus. You must be able to understand and follow detailed plans, and to visualize concepts and entire piping systems based on this understanding. In addition, plumbers must be good problem solvers and able to apply their analytical abilities in a wide assortment of situations. Plumbers should be disciplined, responsible and able to concentrate on a single task for long periods of time. As in most jobs, interpersonal communication skills are invaluable, as you will frequently be dealing with co-workers, clients and other tradespeople, although you will often work alone and without direct supervision.

The Workplace

The main industry of employment for plumbers is construction, both residential and commercial, working either for plumbing firms or self-employed as sub-contractors. They also find work in the maintenance departments of large institutions such as hospitals or schools. Plumbers are often required to work in cramped areas or at considerable heights, and the work can be physically demanding, as there is a considerable amount of lifting and carrying of piping materials involved. The self-employed have more autonomy and flexibility in their schedules, but must also prepare estimates, negotiate pricing and contracts, and generally work longer than conventional hours.

Top Essential Skills

Document Use
Oral Communication
Thinking: Problem Solving

Related Occupations

Steamfitter / Pipefitter
Gas Fitter
Sprinkler Fitter

Masonry

Click here to print BC Building Trades BRICKLAYER TradeCards

Every project starts with an examination of the plans and technical specifications with the architect or engineer in charge to see what has to be done, followed by material selection and work site preparation. Masons use an assortment of tools such as trowels to spread mortar, plumb lines and squares to check angles and alignment, and power saws, hammers and chisels to shape materials. These tools are used to build walls, floors, partitions, fireplaces, chimneys and other structures made of brick, pre-cast masonry panels, concrete blocks and other masonry materials. Masons must understand the effects that air, moisture and pressure can have on these structures in order to meet construction safety standards.

Traits & Talents

As a mason, you should be physically fit, enjoy working outdoors, work well with your hands and have a good eye for precision. You will be expected to work quickly and precisely according to a prearranged schedule, to accurately follow blueprints, and to be flexible enough to adapt to various materials, techniques and conditions. As there is minimal supervision on most job sites, motivation, dependability and the ability to take initiative are all important characteristics of masons. You also need good interpersonal communication skills to interact with clients, foremen and co-workers, and an appreciation of architecture, design and proportion.

The Workplace

Masons often work for construction companies or are self-employed as sub-contractors, involved on a project-by-project basis. Working either structurally or decoratively, they may renovate commercial and residential structures or be employed in the construction of new buildings. Masons routinely work in concert with architects and engineers to coordinate activities on large construction sites. The use of heavy tools and materials is common, as is working outdoors, sometimes in all kinds of weather. Typical working conditions also include standing, kneeling and bending for long periods, in both small enclosed spaces and large open areas, or even at the top of skyscrapers.

Top Essential Skills

Document Use
Numeracy
Thinking: Problem Solving, Job Task Planning and Organizing

Related Occupations

Stonemason
Tile Setter
Refractory Brick Repairer

Landscape Gardening

Landscape gardening involves the art and science of the selection and culture plants, and the arrangement of landscape structures using materials such as soil, wood, stone and concrete. Combinations of all of these constitute the built landscape, where additional expertise in the care and ongoing maintenance of plants is employed.

Working in parks, garden centers, landscape companies, golf courses, and plant nurseries, landscape gardeners the world over are typically dedicated individuals who gain immense satisfaction from their work. From the planning and layout of the landscape project, through building and finally maintenance, the specialized expertise gained from experience and training is well utilized. Knowledge of botanical and common plant names, plant biology and species culture, climate zones, soils and fertility, water and nutrients, and related requirements, are very basic requirements. Materials and construction knowledge is essential to creating functional, sustainable, and safe landscapes for the enjoyment of few or many, as the case may be.

Traits & Talents

With new plants, pests, materials, and techniques continually being introduced, and with ever-increasing global aspects of the landscape industry, continued advancement of knowledge and capability is required of the landscape gardener. No one solution to a landscape problem or opportunity is ever sufficient – a great deal of creativity and understanding for alternatives is necessary.

The Workplace

Landscape gradeners work in a variety of places such asparks, garden centers, landscape companies, golf courses and plant nurseries.

Top Essential Skills

Numeracy
Thinking: Problem Solving, Critical
Document Use

Related Occupations

Parks and garden planning
Turf management
Arboriculture
Landscape architectural design
Greenhouse production
Landscape construction

Electrical Wiring

Click here to print BC Building Trades ELECTRICIAN TradeCards

Electrical wiring is done by electricians who install, repair and maintain wiring, switches, conduits, circuit breakers, lighting and other apparatus in buildings and other structures. They need electronics knowledge and trouble-shooting skills to provide maintenance services for electronically controlled systems. Proficiency in all types of electronic applications is important as electricity is used for a variety of purposes, including climate control, security and communications.

An electrician reads and interprets blueprints, plans and sketches, following the variety of methods and practices used in the construction field to complete basic wiring circuits in accordance with the Canadian Electrical Code. Electricians need to understand electronics in order to install and maintain the increasing amount of electronic equipment involved in modern construction projects. Keeping up with trends and new technology and continuing to upgrade technical skills is an important part of the job.

Traits & Talents

For a career in wiring you should be good with your hands, able to conceptualize and follow detailed plans precisely. Mechanical and mathematical ability along with an analytical approach to problem-solving are essential for this field, as are good communication skills, knowledge of computerized machinery, adaptability and the flexibilty to work either alone or as a member of a team. As an electrician, you must be able to read and interpret drawings, blueprints and electrical code specifications to understand building plans and wiring diagrams. Electricians should be physically fit and have good eyesight as electrical wires are colour coded.

The Workplace

Electricians work in the residential, commercial, industrial and manufacturing sectors. Anywhere that there is electricity there is the potential for employment. Their work is most often done in residential and non-residential construction, either as employees of large construction firms or as self-employed sub-contractors. Renovation work is also commonly performed. Electricians generally work on a project-by-project basis, standing for most of the day, often in confined spaces or awkward positions.

Top Essential Skills

Numeracy
Document Use
Thinking: Problem solving

Related Occupations

Refrigeration Mechanic
Electrical Engineer
Industrial Electrician

Sprinkler Systems

Sprinkler system fitters install and repair fire suppression systems in residential, commercial and industrial buildings. They read blueprints to determine the layout of the system and measure and mark areas where the pipes and sprinklers will be installed and connected, checking for obstructions such as electrical wiring. Once a project has begun, they perform a number of tasks, from simple installation of pipes and fittings to complex calculations and planning in specialized environments such as hospitals. The system must be checked for leaks using air and water pressure gauges to ensure that it is working properly.

Traits & Talents

An interest in construction and good math skills are assets for sprinkler fitters. You should enjoy working with your hands, performing a variety of tasks and be proficient in using an extensive range of hand tools, powered machines, torches and welding apparatus. You must be able to understand and follow detailed plans, and to visualize concepts and entire piping systems based on this understanding. In addition, sprinkler fitters must be good problem solvers and able to apply their analytical abilities in a wide assortment of situations. You should be disciplined, responsible and able to concentrate on a single task for long periods of time. As in most jobs, interpersonal communication skills are invaluable, as you will frequently be dealing with co-workers, clients and other tradespeople, although you will often work alone and without direct supervision.

The Workplace

The main industry of employment for sprinkler fitters is construction, residential and commercial, working either for plumbing/sprinkler fitting firms or self-employed as sub-contractors. They also find work in the maintenance departments of large institutions such as hospitals or schools. Sprinkler fitters are often required to work in cramped areas or at considerable heights, and the work can be physically demanding, as there is a considerable amount of lifting and carrying of piping materials involved. The self-employed have more autonomy and flexibility in their schedules, but must also prepare estimates, negotiate pricing and contracts, and generally work longer than conventional hours.

Top Essential Skills

Document Use
Oral Communication
thinking: Problem Solving

Related Occupations

Streamfitter/Pipefitter
Gas Fitter
Plumber

Creative Arts & Fashion
Graphic Design & Print Pre-Production

Desktop publishing offers a wide variety of career options as the skills involved are highly transferable. Often called graphic designers or layout artists, these professionals are responsible for enhancing the visual impact of reports, publications, advertising, commercials, videos, posters and signs. Working on computers with specialized software programs, they use images, print styles and visual effects to communicate their message clearly and persuasively. Specific examples of the work done by desktop publishers range from designing corporate logos and letterhead, to creating store counter displays, banners and posters, to designing titles, credits and graphics for film and television.

In graphic designing you work closely and extensively with your clients to create a product that is both visually appealing and able to fulfill the clients’ requirements. From estimating the cost of materials and time needed to complete the project to determining the medium best suited to produce the desired visual effect, the ability to listen to and understand your clients’ vision is essential to your success.

Traits & Talents

AsFor a career in desktop publishing, you must be comfortable working with computers. You need to have a good eye for colour, balance and aesthetic design, be innovative, creative and logical and able to use these qualities to find solutions to visual problems. People drawn to this profession generally display an interest in subjects such as photography, illustration, drawing or other artistic pursuits. Being well organized is also important as desktop publishers have to be able to stick to a budget and work to tight deadlines.

This profession requires a substantial degree of self-promotion and salesmanship in order to get your designs accepted and produced. Desktop publishing embraces entrepreneurial artists who have a flair for being able to convey messages to clients and co-workers clearly and persuasively. You will spend a lot of time working in teams with marketing and graphic production personnel, therefore better than average interpersonal communication skills and the ability to get along with others are essential.

The Workplace

Many employees work for graphic design firms, magazine or book publishing companies, television and film studios, mail-order houses and advertising agencies. A substantial portion of the workforce is self-employed, working on a project-by-project basis. The work environment is usually a well-lit, well-ventilated art and design studio located in an office building or home. The work schedule is conventional, though you should expect some overtime hours for special projects or at certain times of the year. Those who are self-employed tend to work slightly longer hours in an often stressful and competitive environment.

Top Essential Skills

Document Use
Digital
Thinking: Job task planning & organizing, problem solving

Related Occupations

Package Designer
Art Director
Commercial Press Operator

Fashion Technology

The skills required to work in the clothing and textile industry can lead to various careers in the fashion sector, which also encompasses apparel production, manufacturing, management, marketing and sales. Apparel production is a very exacting profession that requires a great deal of creativity. It involves measuring, tracing, cutting, sewing, fitting, adjusting and finishing. These steps are taken according to the specifications provided. Dressmakers can also create their own designs and sketch patterns for garments that are tailor-made for specific clients or sold off the rack in retail stores.

Computers have transformed the clothing design/production industry. Compared to traditional methods, computer-aided design (CAD) is generally quicker and more precise. It makes it easier for designers to create variations of the same pattern. Knowledge of fashion marketing principles helps designers to market their creations.

Traits & Talents

If you are interested in fashion, creative, artistically gifted and someone who likes to work with people, you might enjoy a career in this field. As a dressmaker, you must be able to follow instructions and patterns carefully. As you will have to take into account client specifications, you will have to be flexible and meticulous. Manual dexterity, hand-eye coordination and good eyesight are also needed for carrying out the precision work that apparel production entails. Dressmakers must also possess written and oral communication skills, which are essential in dealing with clients and working with co-workers because they are often asked to understand and visualize a written or verbal description of the garment they are to make.

The Workplace

The fashion industry offers a variety of careers, from which you can make a selection based on your interests. Jobs related to apparel production are available in the manufacturing and service sectors, including the clothing and knitwear industry and the retail sector. Some shops require dressmaking services for some or all of its apparel production work. In department stores, many employees are often assigned specific tasks. Workstations are usually well-lit and pleasant settings, where the faint humming of sewing machines can be heard. While the hours depend on the position, dressmakers gain recognition, promotions and good salaries through many hours of commitment and effort. The apparel production industry is constantly changing and each season offers its share of brand new products.

Top Essential Skills

Numeracy
Thinking: Critical
Document use

Related Occupations

Buyer
Pattern designer
Costume designer

Employment
Public Speaking

Public speaking is the process of speaking to an audience in a deliberate way so that you inform, influence, or entertain. The ability to communicate effectively is a critical skill in today’s workplace. Potential employers are looking for employees who have a variety of general skills and abilities. Transferable skills, such as interpersonal communications, organizational, analytical and problem-solving abilities, can be applied to many different jobs. Effective public speaking occurs when a speaker is well organized and confident to present the substance of the speech to an audience. The main idea of your speech is referred to as the thesis. This is often one sentence that uses specific language, a single idea, and is audience-centered. The main body of your sepech must be focused upon the thesis.Reading from a prepared speech is a formal way to deliver your message. This is also viewed as effective when your desire is to control your speech content. In this instance, the speaker must be careful to not jeopardize spontaneity and conversational elements.

Traits & Talents

It is believed that we enjoy speakers who know their topic and can demonstrate energy, vigor, and excitement. Competent public speakers seek to be perceived as dynamic. It is important to show a genuine interest in your topic and audience. By being authentic and real, you will convey your dynamism. One the greatest fears that many people have is speaking in public. Is helps to allow that nervousness to heighten your sense of audience and your topic. Through practicing your gestures, intonation, expression and movements you will add interest to your talk and gain confidence in your ability to deliver.

The Workplace

Many employers now expect their employees to do multi media presentations, develop proposals that might be delivered orally, communicate policies and regulations, etc. In fact, many corporations, businesses and government agencies have specific positions for their official spokesperson, public relations departments, or communications directors. Effective communication and the ability to speak in public, is often a requirement in many workplaces.

Top Essential Skills

Oral Communication
Thinking: Job Task Planning & Organizing, Critical

Related Occupations

Public Relations Representative
Union Negotiator
Executive Assistant
Radio DJ
Teacher
Chief Executive Officer
Project Coordinator

Job Interview

There are few skills more important for securing work than the ability to impress a prospective employer during a job interview. Before setting out to market yourself, you must have a good knowledge of the product you are trying to promote. When hiring new staff, employers are generally looking for not only specific qualities related to the job, but also for a variety of general skills and abilities that you probably already possess. Think about what you have done in the past and all of the experiences you have had in different areas, then write it down and organize it in an effective manner. Transferable skills, such as interpersonal communications, organizational, analytical and problem-solving abilities, can be applied to many different jobs.

Practice interview questions with a friend before going to the interview, and prepare a list of relevant questions that you would like to ask your prospective employer. Take letters of recommendation, a copy of your resume and references to the interview. Answer all questions clearly and distinctly while stressing your qualifications. Act positively and confidently: the right attitude helps to convince the employer that you are the best person for the job. Be prepared to explain how the employer can benefit by hiring you, and you will leave the impression the you are the employee they are looking for. Finally, be sure to thank the interviewer and shake hands when the interview is over.

Traits & Talents

It is extremely important to make a positive first impression at a job interview. You should be polite and enthusiastic, and pronounce words in a clear and understandable manner. Listening skills are essential for understanding and interpreting the questions being asked, and to demonstrate your sincere interest in the position. If you know your personal qualities and how to sell yourself to a prospective employer, and can project confidence and a positive personal image during the interview, you have a better chance of getting the job. Being able to perform well at a job interview is a skill you will need throughout your career, whether you are applying for a new position or looking for a promotion from a current employer.

The Workplace

It is an excellent idea to find out about your prospective employer, the job your are applying for and the industry the employer is involved in before going to an interview. You can do this by reading company advertisements, newsletters, brochures, annual reports and industry publications, which can generally be found at your local public library. Doing this kind of research will show the employer that you are seriously interested in the position and increase your chances for success.

Top Essential Skills

Oral Communication
Thinking:Job Task Planning and Organizing, Critical

Related Occupations

Job interviewing is an essential part of any job search and will be necessary to secure almost any part-time or full-time position.

Workplace Safety

Workplace safety inspectors evaluate and monitor health and safety hazards and develop strategies to control risks in the workplace. They inspect restaurants, public facilities, industrial establishments, municipal water systems and other workplaces to ensure compliance with government regulations regarding sanitation, pollution control, the handling and storage of hazardous substances and workplace safety. They are employed throughout the private and public sectors.

Main duties

Public and environmental health inspectors in this unit group perform some or all of the following duties:
• Inspect the sanitary conditions of restaurants, hotels, schools, hospitals and other public facilities or institutions
• Conduct surveys and monitoring programs of the natural environment to identify sources of pollution
• Collect samples of water for analysis; measure physical, biological and chemical workplace hazards; and conduct safety and environmental audits
• Investigate health and safety related complaints, spills of hazardous chemicals, outbreaks of diseases or poisonings and workplace accidents
• Inspect workplaces to ensure that equipment, materials and production processes do not present a safety or health hazard to employees or to the general public
• Develop, implement and evaluate health and safety programs and strategies
• Initiate enforcement procedures to fine or to close an establishment contravening municipal, provincial or federal regulations
• Provide consultation and deliver training programs to employers, employees and the general public on issues of public health, environmental protection or workplace safety.
Industrial related health and safety inspectors perform some or all of the following duties:
• Examine plans, drawings, and site layouts for new buildings, building renovations and other proposed structures
• Inspect construction sites to ensure that safe working conditions are maintained
• Inspect existing buildings to identify and report on structural defects, fire hazards and other threats to safety

Who do they work for?


• Federal, provincial and municipal government
• Manufacturing plants
• Mining companies
• Construction companies
• Environmental agencies
• Self-employed (consultant)
• Housing companies
• Water inspection agencies

Sample titles


• Health inspector
• Health and safety officer
• Occupational health and safety officer
• Water inspector
• Environmental health inspector

 

Top Essential Skills

Thinking
Reading
Oral Communication

Public and Environmental


• A bachelor’s degree or college diploma in a discipline such as food science, environmental studies, chemistry or health and safety is usually required.
• In some establishments, several years of related work experience and the completion of in-house training courses may substitute for formal education.
• Public health inspectors employed outside Quebec require certification with the Canadian Institute of Public Health Inspectors.
• Occupational health and safety officers may require certification with the Association for Canadian Registered Safety Professionals.

Information Technology
iOS Application Development

iOS Development Occupation Overview

 

iOS is the mobile operating system created and developed by Apple that is used in iPhones, iPods, and iPads. An iOS developer is someone that creates apps for any of those devices.

 

A developer takes either the specification for a new feature, or a report of a bug, and translates that into a solution that can be expressed in programming terms. Using tools such as Xcode, and the various frameworks Apple provides, an iOS developer delivers the feature that the user needs. An iOS developer can take an idea, break it up into different screens for an app, storyboard the interaction between screens, plan out how you can build out each part of it and finally build the app either using Objective C or Swift.

 

iOS developers are one major part of the mobile developer ecosystem, the other major part being Android developers. Mobile developers are unique in the way that they are building apps for devices that users carry with them at all times. Because of this, both the mobile platforms have given developers access to new types of frameworks like working with the camera, access to a user’s location, and being able to communicate with a user through push notifications.

 

iOS developers are also one part of the overall developer ecosystem. If a mobile app needs to store data that another mobile user wants to see, a server needs to be there to store that information. You can either build this yourself or team up with a back-end developer who specializes in that specific trait.

 

Traits & Talents of iOS Developers

 

iOS developers are specialist in their field. Because of this they must know the iOS ecosystem and the frameworks that Apple provides very well. Moreover, new frameworks, a new language (Swift) and new third party libraries are always being introduced. A constant hunger for learning is vital for success in this field.

 

The iOS platform and apps made for it are known to be heavily focused on design, because of this, the iOS developer community normally attracts those who care about the design of a project as well as building out the project itself.

 

The Workplace

 

Typically, an iOS developer is going to work in an office with other developers and designers. Most startups will have an office for all of the staff, but it is very characteristic to see the dev team seated together, as communication is paramount to success. Devs are also characterized by having a lot of personality in their workplace, typically having a variety of personal items adorning their desk and walls.

 

iOS developers can also work as freelancers. This works for people that are self-motivated and entrepreneurial. It is up to the freelancers to grow their network in order to find contracts, be able to estimate timelines for when projects should be done, and deliver on those projects.

 

Top Essential Skills

 

Ability to deconstruct the solution of a problem into individual steps

Good understanding of how to debug problems

Constant hunger for new techniques, frameworks, third-party libraries, and tools.

Web Developer

Web Development Occupation Overview

 

Within the world of web development, the roles and responsibilities of a developer are usually broken down dependent on the platform for which they are developing. What this means is that there are front-end developers, those whose primary workload involves the rendering of content and interaction with that content in the browser. These are developers who work primarily in the languages of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Their job is to take the data and layout served up from the back-end and ensure that it appears, behaves, and interacts in a way that the user will find useful, efficient, and consistent. On the other side are back-end developers. These are the developers whose role is to work on the servers that deliver the content to the browser. Their role is to ensure that all requests that are made to the service or product are handled efficiently, accurately, and securely. They would be involved with the databases, the routing of requests, and potentially a great deal of the business logic for the application. Languages that are common here are PHP, Ruby, C#, Java, Python, SQL, and JavaScript.

 

Overall, a web developer takes either the specification for a new feature, or a report of a bug, and translates that into a solution that can be expressed in programming terms. Using tools such as customized text editors for writing code, documentation for languages and libraries, as well as software development workflows such as Agile, Scrum, or Kanban, they deliver the feature that the user needs.

 

Traits & Talents of Web Developers

 

Web Developers are characterized by being polyglots, as the technical requirements of building and deploying web applications is very multi-faceted. Multiple languages (HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, Ruby, Python, PHP, etc) as well as multiple tools make for developers who have a rich ecosystem of techniques and skills. As well, web developers are able to think both vertically and laterally simultaneously. This is due to having to deliver the algorithmic logical steps to solve a problem (lateral) as well as the unification of multiple layers of computing between server and client (vertically).

 

The Workplace

 

Typically, a web developer is going to work in an office with other developers and designers. Most startups will have an office for all of the staff, but it is very characteristic to see the dev team seated together, as communication is paramount to success. Devs are also characterized by having a lot of personality in their workplace, typically having a variety of personal items adorning their desk and walls. One of the main pieces of a developer’s work environment which makes a tremendous positive difference in their productivity is having multiple monitors. It has been proven that having multiple screens improves productivity, and developers will seek this out in their environment frequently.

 

Top Essential Skills

 

Ability to deconstruct the solution of a problem into individual steps

Good understanding of how to debug a problem in a client-server environment

Constant hunger for new techniques, languages, libraries, and tools.

Website Design

Website design is a relatively new occupation, involving the construction and maintenance of an internet home page. Working on computers with specialized software programs, designers are responsible for the overall arrangement and creation of the internet presentation, which usually includes links to other web pages, graphics, text, and lettering placed according to conceptual layouts and technical specifications. They prepare designs, sketches, illustrations, layouts and visual images to communicate information clearly, precisely and persuasively for their clients. It is crucial that they are able to meet the goals of their client while keeping the website visually appealing, informative and accessible. They also must be aware of the copyright, authorship and ethical issues related to this rapidly expanding phenomena.

Website creation is currently in great demand because of the growing popularity of the World Wide Web as a communications medium. However, for the same reasons websites are becoming so widespread, they are also becoming easier to create, making the industry very competitive. As the technology is continually improving, evolving and changing, designers must be capable of learning and quickly adapting to new products, equipment and computer software in order to win new clients.

Traits & Talents

As a website designer, you should have an aptitude for modern technology and enjoy working with computers. Artistic ability, creativity and a working understanding of the internet are imperative. As most of your time will be spent working for clients, you need good interpersonal communication skills in order to listen, discuss and understand the clients’ description of what they want on their home page. Website creation often involves working with many different people, such as programmers and graphic artists, making teamwork skills essential. The ability to sell yourself and your designs is key for a successful career.

The Workplace

Many website designers are self-employed and work on a project-by-project basis for businesses in all sectors of the economy. Others are hired by internet design firms or by large corporations that need to have websites constructed and maintained. They work in large, well-lit offices and studios or from their homes. There is an increasing demand for skilled personnel seeking the opportunity to be creative and artistic in their work with this new technology.

Top Essential Skills

Oral Communication
Thinking: Decision making, Critical, Problem Solving
Digital

Related Occupations

Graphic Arts Technician
Publishing Art Director
Multimedia Technician

2D/3D Computer Animation

Computer animators use software such as 3D Studio or Animator Pro to produce animation for film, television and video. Specific examples of their creative work ranges from video games, television shows, computer simulations and educational modules to special effects for movies, websites and advertising.

As in all productions of this kind, a substantial amount of preparation takes place before the actual animation work begins. Working with the director, the animator plans and develops the story behind the animation, model characters, the background scenes, the arrangement of models in a scene, the use and placement of lighting and motion cameras and the interaction between objects. This pre-production work also includes developing storyboards, layout and character designs, and when it is finished the animator begins to create , refine and render the objects on their computer.

In smaller companies, animators spend a considerable amount of time dealing with their clients discussing the scope of their project and the specifications. They must create a product that is both appealing and appropriate to the project’s objectives. The ability to listen to and understand their clients’ vision is essential to an animator’s success in a highly competitive market.

Traits & Talents

A basic foundation in techniques of design, drawing and illustration are helpful prerequisites for computer animation. Computer skills using the most current animation software are essential, and can be taught. If you are creative, imaginative and artistic, you will be better able to visualize two-dimensional ideas in a 3D environment. You should have good interpersonal communication and listening skills for dealing with clients and co-workers, as you will often be part of team. Persistence, focus, confidence and dedication are also invaluable traits as competition for work in this profession can be fierce. In addition, animation technology is always improving and changing, so you need to be flexible and able to quickly adapt to new equipment and techniques.

The Workplace

While fledgling animators may dream of working on feature films for large motion picture companies, much of the available work is concentrated in developing projects for smaller studios or contract work. Clearly, animators will spend a considerable amount of time operating a computer, and work closely in teams with other animators, designers or advertising executives. They are generally located in well-lit, well-ventilated studios or offices and keep conventional work schedules, though overtime can be expected for special projects.

Top Essential Skills

Working with Others
Thinking
Digital

Related Occupations

Games and Interactive:

Level Designer
Character Modeler
Animator
Special Effects Designer
Graphics Designer
Motion Graphic Artist

Film:

Modeler
Particle Effects Specialist
Rendering Specialist

TV/Video Production

A career in television and video production offers ample opportunity to move from entry-level positions to a variety of specialties. Newcomers to the business often start out performing duties such as lighting, staging and recording, or operating camera dollies and microphone booms. Mid-level positions include developing and editing film, producing storyboards, and videotaping or audio recording on tape or disc. Experienced and talented individuals may eventually produce, direct or supervise radio and TV programs, films or theatrical performances.

Often viewed as a glamorous profession, most of the work available in this field takes place behind the scenes, involving audio, video, lighting, set design, producing and directing. There is a high demand for skilled workers in these highly technical occupations, which are found in many industries and are continually growing due to changes in technology. Those who are successful have a passion for their work and are willing to work long hours under stressful conditions.

Traits & Talents

For a career in television and video production, you must be willing to start small and work your way up. If you are able to pay careful attention to detail and concentrate for long periods of time, and are organized and have the ability to juggle numerous tasks under stressful circumstances you may be suited to this kind of work. Well-developed communication skills are also vital in order to clearly express your concerns and ideas to producers, technical crew members and cast members. To succeed you should be creative, aggressive and confident, and capable of working effectively as part of a team. Workers in this field require eye-hand-finger coordination to operate, set up, repair and adjust equipment along with proficient analytical skills for monitoring sound level, quality and timing of sound and picture. Tenacity and perseverance are absolutely essential as you must be motivated to get ahead in this competitive industry.

The Workplace

Employees in this field can work for television stations, advertising and marketing companies, government services, video production companies or independent producers of film and television. They work either on location or in studios and laboratories, and these positions can involve extensive travel. Work is usually varied, with a good deal of autonomy and flexible scheduling, although long hours and overtime are the industry norm.

Top Essential Skills

Working with Others
Thinking: Critical, Problem Solving
Digital

Related Occupations

Special Effects Technician
Broadcast Engineer
Recording Engineer

Architectural Technology and Design

The modern, computer-age version of traditional drafting makes use of architectural CAD. The term CAD stands for Computer Aided Design, a tool which can be used in many adaptations of architectural design. A CAD draftsperson is responsible for developing working drawings, plans, diagrams or layouts based on the sketches, calculations, specification sheets and other data supplied by architects and engineers. These plans describe the size, shape, mechanics and function of structures for the use of construction teams and will be used to prepare detailed blueprints. A CAD draftsperson must ensure that their drawings conform to precise specifications by using their knowledge of architectural materials, practices and conventions and by closely checking their drawings for errors. CAD has replaced traditional drafting as it is faster, more accurate and allows for simulations while providing all the storage, filing, memory and duplicating advantages of the modern computer. However, draftspersons using CAD still make use of the same knowledge of building construction theory and drafting and design standards traditionally required by this occupation.

Traits & Talents

To work as an architectural CAD draftsperson you should be interested in computers, building materials and architecture and possess strong math and science skills. You need to be able to visualize the size, shape and proportions of two-dimensional drawings in three dimensions. Successful draftspersons are creative, analytical, well organized, interested in accurate measurements, capable of intense concentration and able to follow instructions and drawings carefully and concisely. Patience is also a key factor, as your drawings may take days to complete. Team-work, communication and writing skills are also useful attributes for workers in this profession.

The Workplace

While home and office design, interior design, forestry and landscaping companies all employ CAD draftspersons, the majority of employees work for architectural firms and construction companies. They spend a considerable amount of time operating a computer, and work closely with construction teams, architects and engineers. Draftspersons are generally located in well-lit, well-ventilated spaces in a large office buildings or studios and keep conventional work hours, although longer hours are sometimes needed to meet project deadlines.

Top Essential Skills

Document Use
Numeracy

Related Occupations

Technical Illustrator
Civil Engineering Technologist
Mechanical Draftsperson

Electronics

As electronics is now incorporated into virtually every sector of the economy, it offers a wide range of job possibilities. Some of these occupations are focused on assembling, testing, repairing and inspecting consumer, and industrial equipment and other electrical products and systems. Others involve designing, developing and testing the production and operation of electrical and electronic equipment and systems. Everything from satellite systems to ski lift controls requires workers with training in electronics.

Specific tasks that electronic technologists and engineers may perform include linking computer networks to hydraulic systems, establishing communication links to remote locations or designing and retrofitting electrical systems. Technicians are involved in the installation, set-up and repair of these same types of systems. Depending on their area of expertise, people in electronics need to know and understand many different electronic concepts with background in the applied sciences. As technology continues to grow and evolve everything could one day be electronically based, which makes electronics an occupation of the future.

Traits & Talents

If you have a natural curiosity about how things work and like to figure them out for yourself, you might be suited to a career in electronics. To work in this field, you needElectronics – 13th Canadian Skills Competition – Saskatoon strong analytical skills, and should be persistent, adaptable and flexible for finding solutions to a wide variety of problems. You must possess keen problem-solving and trouble-shooting abilities, mathematical aptitude, knowledge of computers and good hand-eye coordination. Electronics workers must be focused individuals, as they need to be able to concentrate for long periods of time, pay attention to detail and meet deadlines.

The Workplace

Commercial companies, government utilities, consulting engineering firms, educational institutions, resource base industries, high technology design and manufacturing and communications companies all hire people with training in electronics. Those in manufacturing generally work in clean, well-lit and air-conditioned surroundings, such as laboratories and offices, or electronics and industrial plants. Some systems and equipment repairers may be required to work evenings and weekends, often at great heights or in cramped spaces, as they could be called on at any time to handle on-site equipment failure.

Top Essential Skills

Numeracy
Thinking: Critical
Document Use

Related Occupations

Electrical Equipment Inspector
Electronic Products Designer
Electrical Engineering Technologist

IT - Network Systems Administration

ITs install and maintain multi-platform networking computer environments, a variety of data networks, and a diverse set of telecommunications infrastructures. ITs schedule information gathering for content in a multiple system environment. ITs are responsible for the operation, programming, and configuration of many pieces of electronics, hardware and software. ITs also investigate, troubleshoot, and resolve end-user problems. ITs conduct ongoing assessments of short and long-term hardware and software needs for companies, developing, testing, and implementing new and revised programs.

Information Systems Technicians cooperate with other staff to inventory, maintain and manage computer and communication systems. ITs provide communication links and connectivity to the department in an organization, serving to equipment modification and installation tasks.

Traits & Talents

The IT and networking technician is a responsible person capable of organizing, planning and making decisions. They are a dynamic person, good with human relationships, like to solve problems, and have a facility to work by pre-established procedures sometimes under stress.

The qualities that employers look for in an IT and networking technician are: Curiosity, enjoys teamwork, good with customer relations, autonomy, able to adapt and learn, resourceful, good with communications, able to analyze problems, good diplomat, flexible and has good team spirit.

The Workplace

The IT and Networking technician works full time e.g. 40 hours per week. It’s possible to work overtime and benefit from flexible working hours. The job will often require travel to sites in the field.

Top Essential Skills

Thinking: Problem Solving, Job task planning & organizing
Document Use
Digital

Related Occupations

local area networks : computer network covering a local area, like a home, office or small group of buildings such as a college.
wide area networks : computer network covering a wide geographical area, involving a vast array of computers.
minicomputer systems : multi-user computers which make up the middle range of the computing spectrum, usually single-user systems (such as personal computers).
macrocomputer systems : Usually large multi-user systems (such as mainframe computers) for bulk data processing such as censuses, industry/consumer statistics, ERP, and bank transaction processing.
associated peripheral devices
Additionally, ITs can conduct training and provide technical support to end-users, providing this for a departments (sometimes across multiple organizations

Mechanical CAD

Computer aided design, or CAD as it is commonly known, is used by computer age mechanical draftspersons to translate product design concepts into accurate and detailed technical drawings and specifications for engineering, manufacturing or other purposes. These drawings describe the size, shape and function of objects and mechanical components for the use of design and production firms. A CAD draftsperson generally works closely with the production team, explaining or adjusting the drawings as work progresses. They must ensure that their drawings conform to the project’s requirements, while considering the limitations of the materials being used.

CAD drafting techniques have changed the work of the mechanical draftsperson, because the computer is faster, more accurate, allows design variations to be easily accomplished and has eliminated many of the repetitive tasks formerly associated with this profession. However, even though its use is rapidly replacing traditional manual drafting methods, much of the same knowledge of technical and engineering materials, practices and conventions is still required by this occupation.

Traits & Talents

To work as a mechanical CAD draftsperson you should enjoy challenges, be interested in computers, building things and drawing, and possess strong math and science skills. You need to be able to visualize the size, shape and proportions of two-dimensional drawings in three dimensions. Successful draftspersons are creative, analytical, well organized, interested in accurate measurements, capable of intense concentration and able to follow instructions and drawings carefully and concisely. If you are inquisitive about how things are made and why they work the way they do, you might enjoy a career in this profession.

The Workplace

Mechanical draftspersons generally work at specialized computer work stations, usually as a member of a design team in a cooperative team development atmosphere. The majority are employed by manufacturers, engineering companies and private industrial design or drafting firms. Their work is almost always done in a workroom, office or at home, commonly following a conventional work schedule, although longer hours and overtime can be expected for special projects. While they often work on large staffs of up to several hundred employees, they can also work independently or be self-employed and hired on a project-by-project basis.

Top Essential Skills

Thinking: Problem Solving
Document Use
Digital

Related Occupations

Industrial Designer
Technical IllustratorTile Setter
Architectural Draftsperson

Junior Skills: STEM Competitions (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics)
Sumo Robot

Working individually, students design, build and test robots. The objective of the challenge is simple, get your opponent out of the ring using traditional Sumo rules. To compete in the challenge you will require a self-built mini-sumo that is no more than 13cm X 13cm X 13 cm at the beginning of the match. Students cannot purchase, re-use or adapt any commercially made robot/system except for the gearbox, Microcontroller, HC-SR04 distance sensor and l293/l298 H-Bridge.

Applied Skills

The Mini-Sumo Robot challenge parallels the content of the Technology Education IRP (Integrated Resource Package) and the Information Technology IRP.

Related Careers

This challenge is designed to allow students the opportunity to explore trades and technology careers as well as to experience hands-on, practical applications of skills. Related careers are: Drafting and Design; Robotics; Mechanics; Electronics; Automation and Control and; Computer Programming.

Gravity Vehicle Race

Working in teams, students design, build and race model cars. Vehicles can be made from any common materials found in school such as wood, metal, plastic and recycled materials from electronic devices. The vehicles must be made from scratch by the students and not be constructed in any form from any type of kits. The maximum size of the vehicle is 101mm (4 inches) wide, 152 mm (6 inches) high and 304mm (12 inches) long. There is a 600 gram weight restriction on the vehicle. The only source of energy is the Potential Energy from gravity as the vehicle sits at the top of the track.

Applied Skills

The Gravity Car Race parallels the content of the Technology Education IRP (Integrated Resource Package).

Related Careers

This challenge is designed to allow students the opportunity to explore trades and technology careers as well as to experience hands-on, practical applications of skills. Related careers are: Drafting and Design; Mechanical Engineering; Auto Service; Auto Collision Repair; Woodwork and; Metalwork.

Potential Energy Vehicle

Working in teams of two, contestants will use the potential energy of a 1 kg mass suspended 1 meter above the ground to propel a pre-built vehicle as far and as fast as possible across a level surface. Vehicles are to be constructed before coming to the event using any materials. Repairs may be made between the two trials using materials similar to those used in the original; however, the basic design may not be changed.

Applied Skills

Physics – Gravity, Friction and Inertia
Construction Principles – Structure and Strength
Project Management – Teamwork, Leadership and Time Management

Related Careers

This challenge is designed to allow students to explore trades and technology careers as well as to experience hands-on, practical applications of skills. Related careers are: Drafting and Design; Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Mechanic (Millwright); Auto Service; Woodworking.

Spaghetti Bridge

Working in teams, students design, engineer and build a working model of a bridge. Built with spaghetti and glue, the bridge has a minimum width of 50 mm, a minimum height of 100 mm and spans a length of 500 mm. The bridge is as light as possible and able to hold up the official 1 Kg loading mass for 60 seconds.

Applied Skills

The Spaghetti Bridge Building parallels the content of the Technology Education IRP (Integrated Resource Package) and the Information Technology IRP.

Related Careers

This challenge is designed to allow students the opportunity to explore trades and technology careers as well as to experience hands-on, practical applications of skills. Related careers are: Drafting and Design; Civil and Structural Engineering; Carpentry and, Ironwork.

Wind Turbine

Teams of one to four students design and construct a working model wind turbine. The students are given specific materials to construct the wind turbine at the competition site. Design sketches and blueprints may be brought to the competition. The model wind turbine will need to be solidly constructed and able to generate electrical power, which will be measured. Model wind turbines will be judged by the voltage-generating capacity. The wind turbine that produces the most energy will be declared the winner.

Applied Skills

Wind Power – Energy and Geography
Electricity generation theory and practice
Construction Principles – Structure and Strength
Project Management – Teamwork, Leadership and Time Management

Related Careers

This challenge is designed to allow students to explore trades and technology careers as well as to experience hands-on, practical applications of skills. Related careers are: Drafting and Design; Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Wiring; Industrial Mechanic (Millwright); Auto Service.

Manufacturing & Engineering
Robotics

Due to improvements in computers and the increasing use of robots, companies must now be able to access and apply these emerging technologies in the design and manufacture of products to remain competitive. The ability to prove that the basic design works, called rapid prototyping, and concurrent engineering, the process in which a design is evaluated and modified by a team, are two of the new methods that industry uses to reduce the time and cost of bringing new products to market.

Traits & Talents

To work with robots, it is essential that you are a team-player and have strong interpersonal communication skills, because several employees must co-ordinate their efforts to complete each project. As complex designs are common, you need acute problem-solving and trouble-shooting abilities. To avoid errors, you must be able to pay close attention to detail and follow instructions precisely. Strength in math and physics, mechanical aptitude, and satisfaction in working with your hands are also important.

The Workplace

Although most often employed by leading edge manufacturing companies, the computer programming and design skills used by people in robotics can be applied to a variety of careers. They generally work in large, well-lit and modern facilities with the newest in computer and manufacturing technology. This type of work is available all over the world, and highly skilled and knowledgeable employees are in great demand.

Top Essential Skills

Numeracy
Thinking: Problem Solving
Document Use

Related Occupations

Computer programmer
Industrial designer
Tool and Die Maker

CNC

Computer numerical control (CNC) technology is used by machinists to operate a variety of manufacturing tools and equipment in the production of metal parts. These parts must be made to exacting standards, and the machinist uses precision measuring instruments to ensure accuracy and that the parts meet quality guidelines. A machinist reads and interprets specifications and blueprints, calculates dimensions and tolerances, lays out their work and marks pieces for machining. They then set up, program and operate their machine tools, such as CNC metal turning lathes, to cut or grind the metal into parts or products to the precise specifications of engineers or designers. They fit and assemble the machined metal parts and subassemblies, and verify their dimensions, strength and hardness.

The job of the machinist has changed due to technical advances such as the development of CNC technology. Now more than ever, it combines mental ability with manual skills – to develop a project from a blueprint requires careful thought and an understanding of mathematics and computer programming, as well as good mechanical ability. However, modern computer age machinists must still understand the properties of metal and basic manual machining techniques as they rely on this knowledge to set up and operate the variety of machine tools they use.

Traits & Talents

If you like working with computers and machinery, are able to follow instructions precisely and enjoy building things, you might be suited to a career in this field. As a machinist, you need mechanical aptitude, an ability to estimate and measure accurately, and you must be able to work independently at tasks where mental concentration is essential. You should have good eyesight and hand-eye coordination, as well as the strength and endurance to lift heavy objects and stand for long periods. A basic knowledge of computers and electronics is required, as well as an understanding of the fundamentals of mathematics, metallurgy and mechanical drawing.

The Workplace

The bulk of machinists are employed in the manufacturing industry, but many are also found in transport and trade, generally in maintenance or service capacities. They work mainly in metal fabrication at metal products manufacturing companies and machine shops. The work takes place indoors, in areas that are noisy, dirty and potentially hazardous. The job requires a lot of standing and workers must be in good physical condition to lift and carry heavy objects. The work schedule is generally set at conventional hours, although there may occasionally be overtime to meet production schedules.

Top Essential Skills

Numeracy
Document Use

Related Occupations

Tool and Die Maker
Machining and Tooling Inspector
Machine Tool Set-Up Operator

Industrial Maintenance (Millwright)

Millwrighting involves the installation, maintenance, repair and troubleshooting of stationary industrial machinery, as well as mechanical equipment in factories, production plants and recreational facilities.

Millwrights, on a typical job, will read diagrams and schematic drawings and service manuals to determine work procedures, operate rigging equipment to pick and place machinery and parts, fit bearings, align gears and shafts, attach and align motors, connect coupling and belts, perform predictive and operation maintenance using laser alignment tooling, vibrational analysis and distructive/non-distructive testing, service and repair hydraulic and pneumatic equipment, and may do some tack welding, fabrication of machinery and equipment.

Millwrighting has changed from the past of maintaining flour mills. Today, it is challenging, lucrative and stimulating. The reward of a career as a millwright can also be transferable into further education or related trades.

Traits & Talents

The millwright trade is most rewarding for those who enjoy variety, security and doing precision work with machinery and equipment. To be a successful millwright, one should possess the strength and stamina required to work with heavy equipment weighing in excess of 20 kegs, good coordination and manual dexterity, the ability to read and visualize blueprints, the ability to comprehend, analyze and troubleshoot mechanical systems and the ability to perform well in a team environment.

The Workplace

Millwrights can be found in all facets of industry and construction. Industrial millwright maintains industrial sites, such as bottling plants, mines, pulp and paper and material handling system. And can be found repairing conveyor systems, hydraulic presses, medical machinery and even machinery used in aero space. Construction millwright installs new equipment into large and small industries, such as installation of conveyor systems, steam generation systems and even nuclear hydro power generation systems.

Millwrighting as a trade is as important as doctors to your body. Without a doctor, your body will not be maintained or repaired; without millwrights, industries would not be built or repaired. Hence the phrase “Millwrights, the doctors of industry.”

Top Essential Skills

Document Use
Numeracy
Thinking: Critical Thinking

Related Occupations

Blacksmith
Welding
Machinist
Machine tool operations
Fitter/Welder

Precision Machining

Precision Machinists use many machine tools, such as lathes, milling machines, grinders, and drill presses, to produce precision metal / non-metal parts. These parts must be made to exacting standards, and the machinist uses precision measuring instruments to ensure accuracy and that the parts meet quality guidelines. A machinist reads and interprets specifications and blueprints, calculates dimensions and tolerances, lays out their work and marks pieces for machining. Precision machinists often produce small batches or one-of-a-kind items. They use their knowledge of the working properties of metals and their skill with machine tools to plan and carry out the operations needed.

The job of the precision machinist combines mental ability with manual skills – to develop a project from a blueprint requires careful thought and an understanding of mathematics and design of work holding devices in conjunction with the engineering department, as well as good mechanical ability. You will be making one of kind items for research and development, tooling, fixtures and small run batches. You may be required to fit and assemble the machined metal parts and subassemblies, and verify their dimensions, strength and hardness.

Traits & Talents

If you like working with your hands and machinery, are able to follow instructions precisely and enjoy building things, you might be suited to a career in this field. As a machinist, you need good mechanical aptitude, ability to estimate and measure accurately, and you must be able to work independently at tasks where mental concentration is essential. You will work on many different types of machines. You should have good eyesight and hand-eye coordination, as well as the strength and endurance to lift heavy objects and stand for long periods. A basic understanding of the fundamentals of mathematics, metallurgy and mechanical drawing would be an asset.

The Workplace

The bulk of machinists are employed in the manufacturing industry, but many are also found in transport and trade, generally in maintenance or service capacities. They work mainly in tool rooms at metal fabrication and metal products manufacturing companies and machine shops. You will work with many different machines, use processes including welding, heat treating, grinding and be required to have a good working knowledge of mechanics, how things are put together and what makes them work. The work takes place indoors, in areas that can be noisy and dirty. The job requires a lot of standing and workers must be in good physical condition to lift and carry some heavy objects. The work schedule is generally set at conventional hours, although there is an increase in rotating shifts with occasional overtime to meet production schedules.

Top Essential Skills

Numeracy
Document Use

Related Occupations

Tool and Die Maker
Machining and Tooling Inspector
Machine Tool Set-Up Operator
CNC Machinist

Services
Hairdressing

Hairdressers help people to look and feel their best. They may be asked to curl, wave, perm, bleach, tint or dye a customer’s hair, or merely to cut and style it.

Each appointment begins with a consultation with the customer, to find out what they want done to their hair and offer potential options. They may suggest a hairstyle compatible with the client’s physical features, or determine the best style from the client’s instructions and preferences.

To complete the appointment, hairdressers advise patrons on how to care for their hair, discuss any problems and recommend appropriate hygiene and styling practices. Before starting on the next customer, they always clean and sanitize their hairdressing equipment.

As styles continually change and evolve, hairdressers must also continue to upgrade and learn new skills to keep up with new trends, products and styles. This training may involve travelling to attend conventions and hair shows, or taking short courses at private styling schools.

Traits & Talents

Finger dexterity, hand-eye coordination and depth perception are all invaluable qualities for a successful hairdresser. You need to develop the ability to visualize or conceptualize in order to accurately interpret your clients’ requests. Creativity, an aritistic flair and an interest in fashion and beauty are also necessary characteristics.Communication and interpersonal skills are almost as important as the ability to provide a quality haircut in this people-oriented profession. You should be able to converse freely and easily with your clients and be able to provide honest, knowledgeable advice about hairstyles and hair-care products. As you will be dealing with all sorts of people, it helps if you are outgoing, tolerant and respectful in order to develop solid relationships and a wide-ranging client base. Customer satisfaction is key to success.

The Workplace

Although the majority of hairdressers are employed or self-employed in salons and barber shops, they may also find work in training schools, hair replacement clinics, retail environments or as a stylist in the entertainment industry. Salons generally offer clean, pleasant surroundings with good lighting and ventilation, and the use of chemicals is commonplace. There is a great deal of flexibility in the work schedule, since many salons are open days, evenings and weekends to serve their clients. The work can be physically demanding, as hairdressers are constantly on their feet.

Top Essential Skills

Oral Communication
Thinking: Critical Thinking

Related Occupations

Scalp Treatment Specialist
Wig Maker
Esthetician

Aesthetics

Aesthetics will take the esthetician on a journey into a career ripe with opportunity for success and personal satisfaction. The need for professional beauty therapists has grown due to consumer demands brought about by a growing population, increased longevity and a new prospective on health and well being. The more holistic approach to beauty has given birth to a new era that has broadened treatment options and created a much stronger connection between beauty, health and wellness.

As the demand for new service soars, so does the need for professionally trained estheticians. Any resort, cruise ship, tourism location or business that caters to grooming, health and beauty clientele, provides an opportunity. Today’s trained estheticians have begun to branch out in such areas as dermatology clinics and Medical Spas where the integration of surgical procedures and aesthetic treatments are uniting, thus allowing estheticians to work along with health professionals to administer pre and postoperative treatments.

Traits & Talents

A state of good health and well being is a must for the practicing esthetician. This means you will need to look your best and make lifestyle choices that express your commitment to your profession and your clients. Working in a service-oriented industry such as Aesthetics requires patience, persistence, and, above all, a desire and willingness to work with people.

Good communication skills are necessary since you will be working with a wide variety of people with a wide variety of needs and personalities. Continuous education, basic computer skills, analytical skills, and flexibility are assets needed for those considering ownership of their own salons. Entrepreneurs should also be prepared to learn business and bookkeeping techniques, as well as managerial skills. In aesthetics, developing positive working relationships will be the key to success.

The Workplace

Estheticians work in a clean and sanitary environment with a quiet and pleasant atmosphere designed to enhance the client’s individual treatment. Workplaces such as Skin Care Clinics, Full-service Salons, Day Spas, Medical Spas and Wellness Centers, as well as fashion and modeling schools offer the esthetician a wide variety of opportunities in a number of interesting work environments. A full-time esthetician may have to allow for a flexible schedule that includes working evenings and weekends, a time when Spas and Salons are busiest. Self- employment is another possibility in the Beauty Therapy field and would allow for more free time.

Top Essential Skills

Numeracy
Oral Comm
Thinking: Problem Solving, Job Task Planning and Organizing

Related Occupations

Makeup Artist
Skin Care Specialist
Nail Technician
Medical Esthetics Assistant

Culinary Arts

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Cooks prepare and present a wide variety of foods.Cooks duties may include some or all of the following: prepare complete meals or individual dishes and food product, prepare special dietary consideration foods and meals, participate in the scheduling and supervision of kitchen staff, oversee food production operation, maintain operational inventory and record, participate and maintain effective sanitation procedures, may plan menus and determine food quality quantity and cost, participate in the hiring and training of food production staff. Cooks may specialize in the preparation of ethnic or specialty dishes.

Traits & Talents

Physical stamina and effective communication skills are two very important traits that you should have to become a cook. Other traits include organizational skills, flexibility, creativity, working well as part of a team, having a strong customer service focus and a desire to learn.

The Workplace

Employment opportunities include hotels, restaurants, food service chains, catering firms, remote campsites, institutions, eco tourism , travel operations, food processors and resort properties.

Top Essential Skills

Oral Communications
Thinking: Problem Solving, Job task Planning and organization

Related Occupations

Restaurant server
Baker
Teacher
Business Owner

Baking

A career in baking offers a variety of areas in which to specialize. Bakers are responsible for making breads, bagels, pretzels, cakes, muffins, cookies and pastries as well as chocolate and candy, sugar sculptures and icing. They can prepare many different baked goods or specialize in just one. Depending on their experience and training, they may hire, train and supervise other baking personnel, order and control supplies and stock, and price the various products as well.

Bakers are not only required to follow recipes, but in many instances to also create them. They first prepare the dough or batter by using tools and equipment such as cake rounds, pastry papers, and an assortment of cooking and mixing utensils, and then cook them at precise temperatures for a specific amount of time. They also make icing or frosting for the many desserts that need it, and then apply it with a piping bag in intricate designs.

Traits & Talents

Reliability, sensible time-management skills, and the ability to work under pressure are all desirable traits in a baker. You also need basic analytical and organizational capabilities, and to be able to read recipes, follow directions and schedule production. Interpersonal communication skills are necessary in order to deal effectively and politely with staff and customers. Since you handle food for a large portion of the day, personal hygiene must always be taken seriously.

This is an ideal profession if you want to work with your hands and express your inventiveness and creativity through your work. As a baker, it is important to have an artistic eye, especially when you are icing cakes or producing desserts and pastries. By creating products that taste as good as they look, you will gain a sense of pride and accomplishment in your achievements.

The Workplace

Although bakers are most often employed by small retail bakeries, a significant number of them are also found working for restaurants, supermarkets, catering services and large wholesale bakeries. A baker’s day generally starts early, the hours are sometimes long, and they are often on their feet in a noisy and hectic atmosphere for their entire shift. A bakery is a relatively safe environment, but sound judgment and caution must be exercised when working in the hot, steam-filled work areas found in all bakeries.

Top Essential Skills

Reading
Document Use
Oral Communication

Related Occupations

Chef
Oven Operator
Pastry Chef

Transportation
Heavy Equipment Service

In general, Heavy Equipment Technicians are employed by specialized repair shops and organizations that own or lease heavy equipment used in the construction, mining, forestry, material handling, landscaping, land clearing, agriculture, and transportation industries. Heavy Equipment Technicians must interpret work orders and technical manuals, write service reports, keep equipment cleaned, lubricated, and maintained, diagnose faults or malfunctions, adjust equipment and repair or replace defective parts, components, or systems, test repaired equipment for proper performance, and ensure that the work done meets manufacturers’ specifications and legislated regulations.

Traits & Talents

The work is most rewarding for those who enjoy achieving expertise with precise work, problem solving, and working with their hands. To be successful in the trade, heavy equipment technicians need good vision, hearing, and sense of smell to diagnose problems, the strength and stamina to work with heavy parts, often in cramped or awkward positions, the ability to work in extremely cold and extremely hot environments, the ability to work alone or as part of a team, mechanical ability and an interest in all types of machinery and engines, electronics, and precision equipment, and the ability to think logically and keep up with changes in technology.

The Workplace

The working environment for Heavy Equipment Technicians varies considerably from one job to another. Some heavy equipment technicians work in modern laboratories overhauling components such as fuel injection, hydraulic, or power train systems. Others work at construction or industrial sites, sometimes outdoors in all types of weather conditions. Travel requirements and hours of work also vary. There is some risk of injury involved in working with heavy equipment and power tools. However, proper safety standards are maintained at all times.

Top Essential Skills

Document Use
Thinking: Problem Solving, Decision Making

Related Occupations

Automotive Technician
Agricultural Equipment Technician
Millwright

Car Painting

A career in car painting involves cleaning and preparing panels for paint applications. Car painters are required to mix and apply undercoats and clear coats as well as refinish plastic substrates. They perform the prepping and painting of objects on steel body panels. In addition they remove surface paint defects on automotive parts. In these cases, they perform a colour tinting to a blendable match. Car painters use a variety of equipment including sanders, blow guns, painting tools, spray guns and polishers.

Traits & Talents

You should be interested in cars and good with your hands to work in this field. Attention to detail, good eyesight, excellent colour vision and patience are some of the important traits of a car painter. This career also requires good communication and interpersonal skills as car painters are in contact with customers to determine requirements and cost estimates.

The Workplace

Car painters can work for car dealerships, independent garages or specialty repair shops. The industry provides steady work, indoors and away from the elements, and exposure to noise, fumes and other hazards is controlled by strict safety regulations. The majority of painters work alone under the general direction of a supervisor.

Top Essential Skills

Numeracy
Thinking: Decision Making, Job Task Planning & Organizing
Document use

Related Occupations

Automotive body repairer
Industrial painter
Interior/Exterior painter

Automotive Service

Automotive mechanics make mechanical repairs and carry out scheduled maintenance on cars, trucks and other motor vehicles using a variety of testing equipment and tools. This process customarily involves the use of computerized diagnostic equipment, such as infrared engine analyzers, spark plug testers and compression guages. An even greater variety of tools is used to complete the work, including pneumatic wrenches, lathes and grinding machines, jacks and hoists, and electronic service equipment. Besides repairing damaged and defective vehicles, mechanics also conduct routine and scheduled maintenance: balancing and rotating tires, replacing filters, performing oil changes, lubrications and tune-ups, and installing parts such as mufflers, shock absorbers, exhaust pipes, radiators and springs. These repairs and maintenance must be completed to exacting safety standards.

With all of the complex repair and maintenance machinery used and the new technology built into modern automotive components, knowledge of electronics is increasingly desirable in a mechanic. In fact, the new developments in engines, transmissions and suspension systems, and the increased use of electronic components are changing the mechanic’s job into that of a technician, with more emphasis on vehicle diagnosis.

Traits & Talents

For a career in automotive service, you should have a genuine interest in cars and mechanics, mechanical aptitude and a knowledge of how automobiles work. You must be able to communicate effectively and politely with customers to advise them on their vehicle’s condition and repair requirements. As a mechanic, you also need analytical abilities and problem-solving skills to understand and diagnose malfunctions quickly and accurately. With improving technology, a knowledge of computers and electronics is essential.

The Workplace

Mechanics are employed in a number of sectors of the economy. The majority work in repair shops, at car dealer-ships and in the service departments of industrial, manufacturing and resource-based companies that have large motor vehicle fleets. Most of the work is done indoors, and any harmful materials and odours are controlled by stringent safety regulations. Shift and weekend work is sometimes required, as many repair shops are now open late to better serve their clients. Though much of the work is dirty and strenuous and often performed in awkward or cramped positions, it is always challenging as each vehicle presents a unique and distinct set of problems.

Top Essential Skills

Document Use
Oral Communication
Thinking: Problem Solving,Decision Making

Related Occupations

Heavy Duty Equipment Mechanic
Motor Vehicle Assembler
Air Conditioning Mechanic

Automotive Collision Repair

Autobody technicians make body repairs to cars, trucks and other motor vehicles using traditional hand tools and a range of specialty body repair tools such as MIG welders, spot welders, blocks, hammers and spray guns. These repairs are accomplished by inspecting and determining the repair work needed, developing appropriate methods for each job and applying a broad knowledge of automotive construction and repair techniques.

Autobody technicians use frame machines with computerized, laser and mechanical measuring systems to restore damaged frames and sections to their original shape and location. Less serious dents are straightened with hydraulic jacks or body hand tools. In addition, they remove badly damaged sections of body panels and weld and adhesive bond new sections in to replace them.

A career in autobody repair can cover a number of different areas, such as paint and refinishing, body work and frame work, although paint is considered a separate trade. Knowledge of this profession is applicable to many other areas of the automotive sector, and there is a high demand for skilled employees throughout the industry.

Traits & Talents

If you are interested in cars and good with your hands you might enjoy a career in autobody repair. Physical fitness and strength, manual dexterity and mechanical aptitude are obvious traits of an autobody technician. Less evident characteristics which are also required include good analytical and problem-solving skills, good eyesight and colour vision, and an interest in computer and electrical work.

As dealing with customers is a standard and important part of the job, autobody technicians require good interpersonal communication and customer relation skills to talk to customers about repair requirements and cost estimates. As the industry is constantly changing, autobody technicians must be prepared to continue to educate themselves throughout their career to keep up with advances in technology and equipment.

The Workplace

Autobody technicians can work for car dealerships, independent garages or specialty repair shops. In smaller shops, workers often do both the body repairing and the painting, while in larger shops they may specialize in one type of repair. The industry provides steady work, indoors and away from the elements, and exposure to noise, fumes and other hazards is controlled by strict safety regulations. A career in autobody repair offers a variety of challenges as each damaged vehicle presents a different set of problems. The majority of technicians work alone under the general direction of a supervisor.

Top Essential Skills

Document Use
Thinking: Decision Making
Job Task Planning and Organizing

Related Occupations

Automotive Painter or Refinisher
Automotive Damage Appraiser
Automotive Restoration

Aircraft Maintenance

Aircraft maintenance technicians install, maintain, repair and overhaul aeronautical products including mechanical, electrical, hydraulic and computerized equipment. They must rigorously check and inspect equipment to make sure hazards are identified and corrected, and that they meet Transport Canada standards of safety and performance. Their work typically consists of assembling and disassembling equipment, inspecting it or performing routine maintenance, such as cleaning/lubricating or adjusting components and systems. An aircraft maintenance technician may specialize in specific aircraft systems as part of an AMO (Aircraft Maintenance Organization) shop such as engines, airframes, avionics or hydraulics.

With experience, aircraft maintenance technicians may progress to becoming a licensed AME. From this base, an AME can career path to many different areas within the Aviation Industry including but not limited to Aircraft Maintenance Supervisors, Inspectors etc.

Traits & Talents

Aircraft maintenance technicians need manual dexterity and good hand-eye coordination. Further, they must be in good physical condition, since heavy lifting and climbing may be required. They must be able to interpret and follow written instructions, technical drawings and computer based information. Good mechanical aptitude, color vision, spatial perception and hearing are required.

As the required skill level has increased due to the aircraft mechanical and control systems becoming more complex and increasingly computerized, an understanding of automated machinery as well as good communication and analysis skills are very important.

Training is an integral part of upgrading and staying abreast of technological improvements. Therefore, AME’s are always increasing their knowledge base and financial gains.

The Workplace

People in this group are employed by aircraft manufacturers, maintenance and overhaul organizations, airlines and other aircraft operators. Outdoor maintenance and inspection is also part of an AME’s duties whether at an Airfield or in the middle of the bush. An aircraft maintenance technician can not be afraid of heights, as they may work on the top of jet wings, fuselages (main body) or on top of helicopters.

Top Essential Skills

Document Use
Numeracy
Thinking: Critical Thinking

Related Occupations

Aircraft Structures Engineer
Aircraft Avionics Engineer

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